Inuktitut is one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada. It is a polysynthetic language, a language “in which words are composed of many morphemes (word parts that have independent meaning but may or may not be able to stand alone).” Because of this, writing words using Latin characters becomes unwieldy, because the language features very long sentence-words.
Instead, as explained in the video below, an abugida is used in place of an alphabet. An abugida is a writing system in which each symbol represents a consonant and a vowel. The shape of the symbol tells you the consonant, and the direction it’s pointing tells you the vowel. It was created in the 1760’s by missionaries, and offers an interesting example of the cleanness and simplicity of a written language system that was designed, rather than the more complicated systems we are used to, which evolved over long periods of time.